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Pelargonium / Geranium
Pelargonium (Geranium) Description
Pelargoniums, also known as Geraniums, have been very popular with gardeners for many years. Bright and showy the Pelargonium can be accommodated in almost any flower garden. These versatile brightly coloured plants are right at home in flower beds, pots, containers, window boxes and hanging baskets. Geraniums are available in a huge array of colours including white, pink, red and mauve.
Pelargoniums, which are believed to have come to Europe from South Africa, have an important role in the perfume industry. The different varieties can produce a variety of scents however the ones with rose scent are the most important to the industry. An interesting aside is that it is believed that pelargoniums are a deterrent to mosquitoes.
Cultivation of Pelargonium Plants
Pelargonium are usually propagated by way of cuttings although some varieties can be grown from seed. Take a 7/8cm cutting in mid to late summer and plant in a pot of 6cm of cutting compost. Place the pots in a greenhouse. After the geranium cuttings have taken they can then be planted on to their final flowering destination.
For outdoor use pelargoniums can be planted out from late spring - once the danger of frost has past - in any well-drained soil in a sunny position.
Frequent deadheading will prolong the flowering season.
Popular Varieties of Pelargonium
There is a huge range of pelargoniums available. The following is a list of some popular varieties of geranium.
|Applause ||Frilled petals, pink blooms |
|Velvet Duet || |
Mauve blossoms fading to white
|Hollywood Star ||Dense flower head, deep pink flowers with white centre |
|L'Amour ||compact, double flowers, white, pink, red |
|Michele || |
Miniature, zoned foliage, pink blossoms
|Butterfly ||Trailing, compact, double lilac flower heads |
|Citronella || |
Lemon scented, white blooms
Pelargonium Pests and Diseases
Pelargoniums are usually trouble-free however they can be susceptible to whitefly on the leaves.
|Height 15 - 60cm || |
Pelargonium - Scientific Classification
|Planting distance: 20 to 30cm ||Kingdom ||Plantae |
|Flowers from late spring to mid autumn ||Order ||Geraniales |
|Well-drained garden soil ||Family ||Geraniaceae |
|Sunny site ||Genus ||Pelargonium |
|Tender perennials, grown as half-hardy annual || || |