| Irish Florists > Flowers > Crocus |
Most crocuses that are sold are the blue and yellow large-flowered Dutch hybrids. They bloom after snowdrops and before tulips. Crocuses originated in mountainous areas of the south and east of Europe. They are a favourite with gardeners because of their early flowering habit bring the first splash of colour following the winter.
The crocus plant is short in stature but come in many colours such as white, yellow, lilac, blue and purple. Some varieties have two colours and others are have striped petals. For best effect crocuses should be grown in clusters in full sun or dappled shade.
Cultivation of Crocus Plants
Crocus corms should be planted as soon as they become available in autumn although some varieties can wait until the late autumn. Individual corms should be planted anywhere from 7 to 10cms apart from each other
Choose a site with good drainage that is in full sun or in partial and light shade.
Somewhat unusually crocuses should not be deadheaded and withered leaves should only be removed when they can be pulled without causing any disturbance to the corms in the soil. When the leaves have been removed lift the corms and remove any cormlets for immediate replanting.
Popular Varieties of Crocus
The following lists some popular varieties of Crocus.
|Tomasini's Crocus ||Open blooms, various colours |
|Pickwick || |
Striped, white and purple flowers
|Ladykiller Crocus ||Purple backed white blossoms |
|Crocus Medius ||Lightly scented, autumn flowering, lilac flowers, orage stigmas |
|Crocus Chrysanthus || |
Late winter blooms, rockeries & borders, golden-yellow blossoms
Crocus Pests and Diseases
Crocus corms may come under attack from mice and leatherjackets. The buds of yellow varieties are also prone to pecking by birds.
|Height 7 - 12cm || |
Crocus - Scientific Classification
|Planting distance: 7 to 10cm ||Kingdom ||Plantae |
|Flowers from late winter to early spring ||Order ||Asparagales, Liliales |
|Well-drained soil ||Family ||Iridaceae |
|Sun or light shade ||Genus ||Crocus |
|Corms available mid summer for autumn blooms, autumn for spring blossoms || || |