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Irish Florists > Flowers > Crocus


Crocus Description

Most crocuses that are sold are the blue and yellow large-flowered Dutch hybrids. They bloom after snowdrops and before tulips. Crocuses originated in mountainous areas of the south and east of Europe. They are a favourite with gardeners because of their early flowering habit bring the first splash of colour following the winter.

The crocus plant is short in stature but come in many colours such as white, yellow, lilac, blue and purple. Some varieties have two colours and others are have striped petals. For best effect crocuses should be grown in clusters in full sun or dappled shade.

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Cultivation of Crocus Plants

Crocus Blooms

Crocus corms should be planted as soon as they become available in autumn although some varieties can wait until the late autumn. Individual corms should be planted anywhere from 7 to 10cms apart from each other

Choose a site with good drainage that is in full sun or in partial and light shade.

Somewhat unusually crocuses should not be deadheaded and withered leaves should only be removed when they can be pulled without causing any disturbance to the corms in the soil. When the leaves have been removed lift the corms and remove any cormlets for immediate replanting.

Popular Varieties of Crocus

The following lists some popular varieties of Crocus.

Tomasini's Crocus Open blooms, various colours

Striped, white and purple flowers

Ladykiller Crocus Purple backed white blossoms
Crocus Medius Lightly scented, autumn flowering, lilac flowers, orage stigmas
Crocus Chrysanthus

Late winter blooms, rockeries & borders, golden-yellow blossoms

Crocus Pests and Diseases

Crocus corms may come under attack from mice and leatherjackets. The buds of yellow varieties are also prone to pecking by birds.

Height 7 - 12cm

Crocus - Scientific Classification

Planting distance: 7 to 10cm Kingdom Plantae
Flowers from late winter to early spring Order Asparagales, Liliales
Well-drained soil Family Iridaceae
Sun or light shade Genus Crocus
Corms available mid summer for autumn blooms, autumn for spring blossoms    
Flowers Index Cornflower Hyacinth Pot Marigold
African Daisy Crocus Lily Primula
Ageratum Daffodil Lily of the Valley Snapdragon
Alstroemeria Dahlia Lobelia Snowdrop
Anemone Daisy Marigold Stock
Babys Breath Delphinium Pansy Sunflower
Begonia Forget-me-Not Pelargonium Sweet Alyssum
Bells of Ireland Freesia Petunia Sweet Pea
Busy Lizzie Gladiolus Phlox Tulip
Chrysanthemum Hollyhock Poppy Wallflower

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